Raktokorobi: A Play by Rabindranath Tagore



    Raktokorobi a symbolic drama of Rabindtanath Tagore. The play was written at the hilly resort of Shillong in the year 1923.  At that time, it was given the title of Yaksapuri. It was renamed Raktokorobi when it was published in the Ashwin 1924 issue of the periodical Prabasi. The play depicts how human greed denies the beauties and naturalness of life, makes it a mere machine and a necessary ingredient for production, and what shapes human protests take against such a state. The story in brief of this play is as follows.

Raktokorobi: Theme and Characters of the play

      Yaksapur Kingdom



      Coolies and Mineworkers




      The royal ideal of the king of Yaksapuri is an exploitation of the citizenry; he has an insatiable greed for money. The coolies of the gold mine get burnt in the fire of that greed. In the eyes of the king, the coolies are not human beings, they are mere tools for acquiring gold; they are only small parts of machines bearing signs and numbers like 1, 2, or 3 and so on.

      They do not have any value as humans. Here, humanism and humanity are by the shackles of machines. There is no expression of life at Yaksapuri. Nandini is a symbol of life's complete expression' of love and beauty. Under the spell of his greed, the king of Yaksapuri does not feel the touch of joy in Nandini; the ascetic does not feel it because of his craving for religious reform; the pandits do not get it due to his scholarly and slavish instincts. Nandini, the symbol of love and beauty' beckons everybody from outside the iron net of Yaksapuri. Everybody becomes excited in a moment at this mirthful touch of free life.

      The king wants to get possession of Nandini, similar to the manner in which he extracts gold by force. But love and beauty cannot be obtained in this way. So the king cannot get Nandini despite her being within his reach. Similarly, the local leader and pandit, Kishor, and Kenaram all extended their hands beyond the net out of their eagerness to live in life's abundance. But Nandini loves Ranjan and has therefore awakened the feeling of love in him.

      But Ranjan is tied to the bond of the machine. This machine delinks his love from his life; the poet believed that this was the characteristic of a mechanized life. Nandini's lover has to be sacrificed at the altar of mechanization; and through this, life triumphs in order to search and get back love once more. Such point of view has been reflected in many poems, plays, and stories of Rabindranath. The poet searched for a balance between materialistic mechanization and the nature of life in the play Raktokorobi.

 Nandini as the Feminist Character

        The play is mostly confined to the beauty of the lady Nandin and the greediness of the king. The narrator wants to show, how lust was the king that he always thing about her. The king is used as the symbol of absorbent whereas the young lady is symbolized as the reflection new year, a change, or an opportunity that drives to a new world. The pandits and other alliances of a king are the symbols that always support the bad trend to germinate false culture which creates a means of destruction.  Workers are reflected as the normal citizens who are always deprived from opportunity and exploited in terms to generate revenue. Ranjan is characterized as the new possibilities but he is still attached with the typical thinking and webbed with lots of mechanisms. He lost himself in these traditional and conservative and fail to accept the beauty of the dawn. The play mostly revolves around Nandin and her character seems bold and challenging. She denies the king and loves the citizen, a worker, who never understands her. The play is sometimes a replication of contemporary scenarios and the social structure that every person traveled through. Gurudev has shown the connection of society with Lust and Love, greediness and charm, changes versus exploiter.  

The female character Nandin is so bold and courageous that she revolt against King and denies his lustiness. She also satire the pandits and other alliances refusing their proposal.  Gurudev creates the admirable and feminist character in Nandini. She is not only beautiful and charming but also the character to revolt against the bloodsucker. She is a symbol of dawn and the arrival of a new era. She tried her lover to pill out from traditionalism to modernism but he is stuck in such a way that he feels good with nails in his knees and can’t find a way to come out from the trap.

By Kumar Sargam

Copyright Reserved


No comments:

Post a Comment

Ad Code

Responsive Advertisement

Popular Posts

Home Ads

Home Ads