Raga Ramkali

Raga Ramkali     

        The morning raga Ramkali is a prominent raga in Hindustani Classical Music. It is the Bhairvang Raga with the unique combination of Both Madhyam and Both Nishad, However Tivra Madhyam and Komal Nishad is inputted in a particular style, without spoilage the spirit of Ragang.  Raga Ramkali is classified under the thaat Bhairav. Along with Both form of Madhyam and Nishad, Rishav and Dhaivat are komal in Raag Bhriav and rest of the notes are in Natural/ Suddh.  Pancham in the Vadi of Raga but some of the music exponent favour komal Dha as Vadi of the Raga, Shadaj in the Samvadi swar of the Ramkali perhaps bias among the musician regarding Vadi-Samvadi so, mostly follow the Samvadi note as Rishav but it is exceptional and does not relay the grammatical sequences of Vadi-Samvadi concepts of the Raga. It is observed that all there notes, Dhaivat, Pancham and Rishav in Ramkali are of great importance and cannot be eliminated or shadowed. If Dhaivat is considered as Vadi then Rishav should be Samvadi and if Pancham is regarded as Vadi swar then Shadaj should be samvadi as per raga principle but the Position of Rishav is notable in this Raga. Tivara Madhyam and Komal Nishad is applicable with specific position, Ma Pa dha ni dha Pa, Ga ma re Sa. All the seven notes are used in both Aroh and  Avaroh so the Jati of the Ramkali in Sampurna-Sampurna Dhaivat in uttrang and Rishav in Purbang are the main note with semi andolan (vibration) coming to pancham and shadaj simultaneously. Rishav, Pancham and Dhaivat are Nyas swar or the sustain notes where musicians hold the notes and breathe while music rendering. Singing time of this raga in first phase of morning.

    Ramkali is a widespread raga but consider as an unstable raga in comparison to Bhairav in Hindustani Classical Music. The nature of the raga in profound with the characteristic of semi-seriousness and depth. There are few raga having Bhairavang close to Ramkali. Raga Kalingada, Raga Gauri and Bhairav itself is very much closer to Ramkali but this raga have a distinct character that distinguished a different character from above three raga.  Sa re Sa, Ga Re Re, Ga ma re Sa, Ga Ma dha …Pa, Ma Pa dha ni dha Pa, ma Ga re, Sa,   dha Pa Ma Pa Ga ma re Sa are mostly commonly use in Ramkali.

Aroh        :        Sa re Ga ma, Pa dha Ni Sa

Avaroh    :        Sa Ni Dha Pa, Ma Pa dha ni dha Pa,  Ga  ma re Sa

Pakad         :    dha Pa, Ma Pa dha ni dha Pa, Ga ma re re Sa



Note: Ma- Tivra Madhyam, ma- Suddha Madhyam 


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