History of Indian Classical Music


History of Indian Classical Music

    The Evolution and History of Indian Classical Music are associated with the fundamental principle of Indian Civilization highy adjoined with the Indus Valley Civilization and the culture of the people of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. It is also associated with Vedic period and the mythological belief of the people of Indian who always believes in God and its existence. The History of Indian Music is also associated with the law of progression, a nature, a soil , a fragrance and the cultural bonding between the people of India who lived here from hundreds of thousands of years ago and learned to speak, write, and much more things which nature taught to happen, struggle and alive like other living creators. Music in all concept is the heart and soul of the people with whom they express their eternal feeling either to express gratitude to loving nature, almighty god or to their beloved ones. Music has a fundamental character of rejoice so it is means of entertainment too.

    The continuity of Vedic tradition and the cultural versatility, from the ancient period to modern era, has established the various colour of Indian Music. It was germinated in Veda- especially in Sama Veda as Udaat. Anuddat and Swarit and flourshed as Shuti, Swar and the distinct style in every generation known by various name in various period. From Saam Gaan it has changes the flavor sometimes to Achik- Gaan, Margi sangeet- Deshi sangeet, Jati Gayan, Gram Murchan, Prabandh to Dhrupad, Varnam, Khyal, Ragam-Tanam Pallvi to Tumri, Kirti Kirtanam to Bhajan, Geet Ghazal and so many other musical forms found in Indian Subcontinent. Many evidence can be traced from various sources about the existence of these musical changes during the gradual development of classical music. A systematic and chronological history of Indian Music has come across the various stage in order to take shape and represent aesthetically about the concept of abstract arts in great extend.

    The primitive and premature civilization during pre Vedic Period may have evolved the concept of believing the nature as god and kept the tempo of its belief to establish the much associated with Trinity- Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh, the creator, preserver and the death, a divine truth of the universe. It passes therefore through the systematic records of musical thoughts and materials that evolved in different ages in a gradual process. Indian Music is also connected with various Rishi-Munis and their musical thoughts who had systematized the Nada as Brahma and Shruti as the liveness in musical varieties of different distinct musical forms and a melodic structure of Raga tradition.

    Many historian and the musicologist has divided the history of Indian Music into different categories. Pandit Bhatkhande, has illustrated three different phase 1. Hindu Period, 2. Mohammedan Period, and Britishers Period. Ancient period, Medieval period and modern period is a general concepts that history of Indian Music created and walk a long way to present scenario. Most of the scholars have mention the Vedic period, Ancient period, Medieval Period and Modern Period. Some of the musicologist also have inputted Jain and Buddhist period or Ramayana- Mahabharata period or few of the scholars has enlarged the time period to Shankaracharya or Sultanate period. It is always noticed that history of music is under privileged and allied with any other major subject. From these kind of General Sorting of Indian Music History doesn’t seems relevant because, generalizing the things may not find the depth of the music and the voyage of musical tradition may blurred so systematic arrangement of development of Indian Music should be constructed with  Musical perception and rational thought. In viewing the above clauses the most ideal classification in History of Indian Music can be classified as 1. Pre-Vedic Period, 2. Vedic, Pauranik Period and Pre Natyashastra Period, 3. Natyashastra period, 4. Brihaddeshi and transition period, 5. Praband period, 6. Sangeet Ratnakar Period, 7. Mughal & Rajput Period, 8. Pre- Colonial Period, 9. Britishers Period, 10. Post Independence Period. The classification under these ten subcategory make clear vision of gradual development of Indian Music in different stage of journey.



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